Friday, February 7, 2020
Trial by jury has no place in modern Britain - Essay Example The system of jury trial has been related to the common law. In fact, Norman kings have promoted the specific process sending their judges Ã¢â¬Ëto preside at jury trialsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Spooner 2006, p.88). In the above context, the objectivity of the court was ensured through the following practice: the public could choose Ã¢â¬Ëfour people to sit with themÃ¢â¬â¢ (Spooner 2006, p.88). Magna Carta has enforced the specific rule in order to ensure that judge will not influence the jury (Spooner 2006). Saxons did not accept the interference of kingÃ¢â¬â¢s judges with the jury, aiming to keep the court independence from the ruling of the king (Spooner 2006). Today, a similar approach can be used for justifying the non-appropriateness of jury trial in English law. Due to its structure, the English legal system ensures the objectivity in trial, at least at higher level than other legal systems worldwide where the use of jury in trials often causes severe problems in the court procedure. The presence of juries in trial has been, traditionally, considered as a measure for ensuring equality in terms of law, i.e. to ensure that the decision of the court will be fair both for the perpetrator and the public, meaning that no punishment will be imposed unless the person considered as the perpetrator has, indeed, committed the offense involved. It is for this reason that in trial with juries the defendant is given plenty of time in order to present all the evidence available; in this way it is ensured that the crime will be fairly and appropriately evaluated by the jury. In practice, the participation of juries in trials has led to Ã¢â¬Ëverdicts, which have protected the personal rightsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Hosterttler 2004, p.155). However, it cannot be stated that trial by jury always lead to the correct verdict or that juries Ã¢â¬Ëprotect the lawÃ¢â¬â¢ (Hosterttler 2004, p.155). Such perception cannot be acceptable taking into consideration the involvement of other individuals in critical parts of each trial, especially the judge in directing the trial and the lawyers in presenting/ analyzing the evidence involved. From this point of view it could be noted that juries are not indispensable part of criminal law. In the English legal system this view could be also applied, especially since in the particular system, due to its structure and its principles is quite difficult to lead to failures in regard to the evaluation of evidence, minimizing the risks for wrong verdicts. Currently, criminal trials in the English legal system are based on the trial jury, but not necessarily. In minor offences, these that are heard before the magistrateÃ¢â¬â¢s courts, the offender has the right to choose between Ã¢â¬Ëa trial before the magistrate court and a trial by jury before the Crown CourtÃ¢â¬â¢ (Erastus-Obilo 2009, p.41). On the other hand, in more serious offences, the offender does not have such option. The trial is heard necessarily Ã¢â¬Ëby judge and the ju ryÃ¢â¬â¢ (Erastus Ã¢â¬â Obilo 2009, p.41). Moreover, the power of jury as factors determining the cases cannot be ignored. In fact, the verdict cannot replace the judgment of the court, but the verdict is the basis for the development of the judgment. From this point of view, the current role of jury in the English legal system is critical. 3. Benefits and implications of the trial by jury The use of the jury system in England has been combined with the principle of liberty; more specifically, the presence of juries in trials in England reflected the liberty of people to participate in important issues related to the law, which, as its name notes, is common among all people in terms of
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Bowling for Columbine Is Not a Documentary Essay Michael MooreÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËBowling for ColumbineÃ¢â¬â¢, the film which won an Oscar for best documentary, is not in fact a documentary, but rather more of a persuasive essay in film format. The widely accepted definition of Ã¢â¬ËdocumentaryÃ¢â¬â¢ is a film emphasizing or expressing things as perceived without distortion of personal feelings, insertion of fictional matter, and minimal editting, and Ã¢â¬ËBowling for ColumbineÃ¢â¬â¢ does not show any of these characteristics. Instead of presenting a neutral view of the issues, it is clearly biased and purposely manipulates the viewers into agreeing with MooreÃ¢â¬â¢s opinions. In the process, Moore frequently uses incorrect statistics and information. In some cases fabricated evidence is also inserted. Documentaries should have close to no editing of the evidence, however in some cases Moore uses sly editing techniques to deceive the viewers. A prominent example of this can be seen in Charlton HestonÃ¢â¬â¢s speech. It appears as though the NRA president is holding protest rallies in response to the gun related incidents in Columbine and Flint Michigan, holding a musket up and proclaiming Ã¢â¬Å"I have only five words for you: Ã¢â¬Ëfrom my cold dead handsÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ whilst the crowd cheers. Moore makes a point of cutting from scenes of heartbroken victims to HestonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËarrogantÃ¢â¬â¢ speeches. The purpose of this is to demonize Heston, and also all the members of the NRA. He wants the audience to perceive all gun lovers as heartless, selfish monsters. However on closer observation, it turns out Moore simply grabbed segments from HestonÃ¢â¬â¢s former speeches, splicing them together to form a new one, completely different from what the president had intended. Documentaries are meant to lay out the truth, whilst here the film has morphed the truth into a lie instead. Going back to the definition, Bowling for Columbine again falls short of being a documentary through itÃ¢â¬â¢s failure to include only correct, factual evidence. Moore chooses to use incorrect Ã¢â¬ËfactsÃ¢â¬â¢; the national gun murder statistics that seem abnormally high are sourced from the National Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, and is a combination of gun related and non gun related incidents, so is therefore irrelevant to what the documentary was trying to say. The rockets shown in the Lockheed Martin sequences and being driven though the streets of Littleton in the night are in fact space launch vehicles, not weapons of mass destruction as Moore claims. These facts, false in nature, are again put there to distort the truth and make the viewers believe that things are more horrifying than they actually are, so that they are more susceptible to MooreÃ¢â¬â¢s mental manipulation. One of the fundamentals of a documentary is that it must present facts, and obviously Ã¢â¬Å"Bowling for ColumbineÃ¢â¬ has not fulfilled that requirement. Throughout Ã¢â¬Å"Bowling for ColumbineÃ¢â¬ , Moore presents an extremely biased view of events. Moore does everything in his power to manipulate viewers into see things from his eyes. Many are many persuasive techniques are used to achieve this. The film horrifies the audience with confronting scenes from the 9/11 attacks and the Columbine shooting. Ã¢â¬ËA Brief History of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢ makes people see Americans as cowardly and pathetic. Charlton HestonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËspeechÃ¢â¬â¢ angers the audience and makes them turn against gun lovers. There are many more examples, however the point is that documentaries should be neutral and informative, yet the film actively tries to force the viewers to a narrow-minded conclusion. In summary, although Ã¢â¬Å"Bowling for ColumbineÃ¢â¬ may be a creative persuasive film, it is most certainly not a documentary. Not only does the film fail to adhere in any way to the definition of a traditional documentary, it largely utilises deceptive techniques to push MooreÃ¢â¬â¢s artificial and contrived point of view.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Bulimia Nervosa [also known as Bulimia] is a very serious and dangerous eating disorder. The disorder can be describe as bingeing and then followed by purging or a person who eats a large amount of food in short periods of time and then vomits after eating to prevent on gaining the weight cause by the food. There is different ways of going about ways to prevent the weight gain, making oneself throw up, taking pills, or laxatives which will increase how fast the food will move through your body, exercising excessively, eating a little amount or not at all, or taking other pills to pass urine This disorder is mostly between the ages of 15 and 35, even if they have no specific food disorders. Studies made in Europe and USA have underlined the fact that roughly 10% of women in this age bracket say they and provoke vomiting occasionally 2% vomit once or more per week. This disorder is most commonly found in girls and in their late teen years, but thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not to s ay it does not happen to boys it does but it is very rare. With a person who has bulimia it is very hard to tell by their appearance because when you have Bulimia you look average weight or just below it. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã This disorder is split up into 3 different illnesses they all have a lot in common but also have differences. The first type is Simple, simple bulimia nervosa usually affects girls at age 18 years old. The cause for this illness is under confident about oneself but come from good backgrounds. This illness is usually triggered by a short time of depression, such as a break up with a boyfriend. The girls who have simple bulimia nervosa have had a normal life as made friends normally and then they will have the short depression period and they will learn to hate themselves and their appearance. Usually diets start to boost up ones self esteem and then they cheat during the diet and vomiting will occur after eating. This form of bulimia is the least out of all 3 forms severe. But that is not to say that the girls who do this donÃ¢â¬â¢t progress into worst conditions. Another form of the disorder is Anorexic Bulimia Nervosa this is almost a mixture between Anorexic a nd Bulimia. It starts off as just a brief period of anorexic and then when that is over the sufferer recovers the illness by a short period of stabilized weight... ... and mental health professionals come in to help the patient recover. In different cases of the disorder family therapy is the best way to help overcome the disorder and helps eat healthy again. The family has a big effect on the sufferer and has to help the person realize that there body shape if perfectly fine and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t need to be thin to make anyone happy. There is always Clinics that may help treat the disorder, the treatment is structured and controlled so that they have to eat in a better and healthier way. If there is no desire and hospitalizing is not necessary for the sufferer then there is the choice of outpatients by having weekly visits to a therapist and sometimes needs psychotherapy for the medicine, which can be more effective in worst cases. These disorders should not be left alone or untreated they can damage the body and soul and if left untreated the disorder can kill and at the best leave you looking terrible and feeling worse. These disorders may hel p you lose weight or not let you gain any, but in the long run it can seriously harm one and not only do these disorders affect the sufferer it also affects the people around them. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Course ECD 202 Children with Special Needs Standard 1a Knowing and understanding young childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s characteristics and needs Summary: Experts do know that ADHD has a strong genetic component. In addition, they think that genes that control the levels of certain chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters seem to be different in those with ADHD. If your child has ADHD, you've likely run into people who doubt that ADHD is real, tell you that all your child really needs is a firmer hand, and, whether they mean to or not, question your skills as a parent.If it's coming from someone you're not that close to and it's really not their business, you have some options. You could thank them for their concern and change the topic, for instance. But if it's someone you're close to, you might choose to have a more in-depth conversation to debunkÃ¢â¬ ¦ In some cases, though, there is no genetic link to ADHD, but other common behaviors, such as smoking or drinking during pregnancy, as we ll as other obstetrical complications have been linked to ADHD in children.Babies with low birth weight may have an increased risk of ADHD. The same is true for children who have had head injuries, particularly an injury to the frontal lobe. Young children who are exposed to lead or other environmental toxins such as PCBs or pesticides early in life may also have a higher risk of ADHD. ADHD always begins in childhood. For some people, though, ADHD is not diagnosed until adulthood. That means adults who are newly diagnosed have actually had ADHD for years, and have had to endure symptoms as they've matured.In addition, research shows that between 30% and 70% of children with ADHD continue to have symptoms of the disorder when they become adults. ADHD tends to run in families. Studies have shown certain genetic characteristics that occur with high frequency in families where one or more family member has ADHD. Also, if one or both parents have ADHD, their children are more likely to d evelop the condition. And at least one-third of all fathers or mothers who had ADHD in their youth have children with ADHD.Studies show that children with ADHD tend to have abnormal functioning, or dysregulation, of certain brain chemicals known as neurotransmitters. There also tends to be abnormal functioning in the nerve pathways that regulate behavior. In addition, children with ADHD may have certain parts of the brain that are smaller or less active than they are in children who don't have ADHD. Recent studies show that the brain chemical, dopamine, may play a role in ADHD. Dopamine is an important chemical that carries signals between nerves in the brain.It is linked to many functions, including movement, sleep, mood, attention, and learning. Rational: Promoting child development and learning the standard is 1a this paper is on knowing and understanding young characteristics and needs. While doing this research paper it ties into key element 1a because it explains how the child develops and society to understand children as their individual needs Reflection: What I learned from doing this research paper is that there are a lot of children with this disability.And we have to observe children from birth on to notice things that are not normal and try to catch it early to be able to get treatment for the child in need. I will incorporate this into my professional career by paying attention to every child and not ignoring anything out the norm. And being able to be educated enough to be able to help the child get the proper help needed.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
3. Reviews/Commentaries Shute,V. (2008). Focus on formative feedback. Review of Educational Research, 78(1), 153-189. Shute conducts an extensive literature review of the research on formative feedback because despite extensive investigation, the author proposes, is still misunderstood due to conflicting findings and inconsistent pattern results. The focus of this review is that feedback must be Ã¢â¬Å"delivered correctlyÃ¢â¬ to be effective. Therefore, Shute offers a twofold proposal: to understand the features, functions, and interactions of feedback in relation to learning and to use the findings to create guidelines for generating effective formative feedback. The focus of this study is primarily on performing tasks and the identified issues are several. Correct delivery of feedback is defined and guidelines are proposed since most research on this subject concludes that feedback can enhance learning considerably if delivered correctly. The interaction of task and student characteristics is investigated to address the major gaps in understanding that still exist, inclusively, instructional context in the efficiency of feedback. The author defines formative feedback (FF) as information intended to change a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s thinking or behavior to improve learning. It ought to be specific, helpful, timely, and not judgmental. Types of FF are: confirmation of a correct answer, clarification of the accurate response, clues, and work examples. Previous research by Swam (1983) found thatShow MoreRelatedElements Of Formative Assessment987 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhat is formative assessment? Formative assessment seems to stand in contradiction to traditional modes of summative assessment in schools. Michael Scriven first introduced the term Ã¢â¬Ëformative evaluationÃ¢â¬â¢ in 1967, but Benjamin Bloom elaborated upon its distinction from summative assessment: Ã¢â¬ËQuite in contrast is the use of formative evaluation to provide feedback and correctives at each stage in the teaching-learning process. By formative evaluation we mean evaluation by brief tests used byRead MoreError Types For Corrective Feedback1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesError types for corrective feedback. Research on the error types that need corrective feedback has reported mixed findings, indicating that while corrective feedback influenced the improvement of linguistic knowledge, its effects depended on the types of errors. Ferris (2006) categorized errors into five major groups (verb errors, noun errors, article errors, lexical errors, and sentence errors) and reported that students who received feedback only reduced the incidents of verb errors. Van BeuningenRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Technology Based Assessment758 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesensuing newsletter will discuss the positive including negative incommodity toward of technology based assessments such as formative assessments, criterion based assessments, curriculum based measurements. Additionally, present a summary regarding which technology examination I perceive are beneficial concerning student literacy. Current Technology Based Assessment Formative assessment is an examination regarding literacy. Therefore, measures studentÃ¢â¬â¢s achievement in distinctive areas before educatorsRead MoreThe Professional Development Of A Teacher1631 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesimportance of evaluation which is one of the four key aspects I have chosen to discuss. I believe that evaluation is an extremely important aspect in relation to the professional development of a teacher. Two common types of evaluation which are carried out are peer evaluation and self evaluation. Firstly, peer evaluation allows the opportunity for teachers to receive constructive feedback and criticism in order to aid and improve the effectiveness of their teaching. Often peer evaluation is carriedRead MoreThe Summative And Formative Models Of Evaluation And Their Organizational Convenient Application777 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesis to discuss the summative and formative models of evaluation and their organizational convenient application. Reference from mission statement program descriptions from the previous module assignment would be utilized as an example in this paper. The paper will furnish the research based description of the purposes, members of the audience, information types, and sources of the collection of data which suits summative and formative models of the program evaluation. The paper will also identify andRead MoreThe Role Of Peer Assessment On The Classroom1496 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespeers.Ã¢â¬â¢ A deeper definition comes from Black Wiliam (2001, p.2); Ã¢â¬Å"An assessment activity can help learning if it provides information to be used as feedback, by teachers, and by their [students] in assessing themselves and each other, to modify the teaching and learning activities in which they are engaged. Such assessment becomes Ã¢â¬Ëformative assessmentÃ¢â¬â¢ when the evidence is actually used to adapt the teaching work to meet learning needs.Ã¢â¬ As aforementioned, peer-assessment is closely associatedRead MoreInstructional Research Project : Teaching Reading Comprehension Skills to Third Grade Students1266 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe goal of this project was to test a unit of instruction designed to teach 3rd grade students comprehension strategies to help them become better readers. The formative evaluation investigated whether the unit was effective at teaching ten comprehension related objectives and identified areas for improvement in the unit. Evaluation Methodology Subject Matter Expert (SME) Phase. The subject matter expert read and evaluated the unit using a checklist of characteristics, and then shared her thoughtsRead MorePtlls Unit 71446 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstandards. Formative Assessments (quizzes and practical tests) are used to strengthen memory recall by practice and to promote confidence in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge. In the learning process we are trying to transfer knowledge and skills to a personsÃ¢â¬â¢ memory so that they become competent to perform a task. During that process people might fail to pay attention, fail to grasp everything taught or simply forget things even though they once knew it. Most learning environments use simple Formative questions asRead MoreEffectiveness Of An Observed Structured Clinical Examination1554 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestheir ability of breaking bad news to patients and family, setting effective and practical goals of care with the patient, and assessing a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s mental status. Focus grou ps were also used to gain learner perspective on the training and provide feedback on what could be improved in the training sessions. Sample Procedure The targeted population was a nonrandom selection of twelve learners across the medical field that would be dealing with palliative care chosen on a volunteer basis. Within theRead MoreConsumer Behavior Research: Student Preparatory Attire Case Study1095 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesassumptions from a research perspective are that direct contact with consumers in a manner in which they can touch, feel, look, smell and interact with a potential set of new products would provide greater efficacy to product development. Our assumptions are that emotions, opinions, and soft logic are the driving force within this consumer universe. The product being evaluated is a new clothing line for students called Student Preparatory Attire (SPA) program. The research question being asked
Friday, December 27, 2019
Since the end of the Civil War and the abolition of slavery in 1865, the United States did not progress positively as a society. One would think that this countryÃ¢â¬â¢s society would have progressed greatly in a positive direction since slaveryÃ¢â¬â¢s abolition, but the opposite is true. The radical changes that happened in the United States following the Civil War were primarily detrimental citizens and society as a whole. With issues like segregation and racism entering new eras, many new problems began to arise. Separate but equal laws, organized hate groups, and racist ideals fueled the fire that began with installment of the 13th Amendment. After Plessy vs Ferguson in 1896, the installment of separate but equal laws became the standard in the United States. With the installment of these laws in the United States, all public services were supposed to be equal for both races. But these hardly regulated laws only highlighted the differences in service quality received between the races. The separate, secondary accommodations that were provided for blacks were not up to par to the services received by the whites. Separate but equal laws not only separated whites and blacks physically, but these laws made it possible for blacks and whites to coexist entirely separately. Inability to monitor these changes, resources and lack of black representation led to these issues going unsolved. White supremacy groups like the Ku Klux Klan continued to rally against reformation. Formed byShow MoreRelatedThe Abolition Of Slavery And The Civil War1349 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthere have been numerous civil rights movements and shifts of thoughts and beliefs. One of the largest and arguably the most impactful movement was the movement to end slavery. America has always been divided on the issue, and even to this day there are harsh sentiments between different ethnicities. America made an official decision on the matter following a brutal and violent civil war. The Thirteent h Amendment was passed on January 31st, 1865 and read: Ã¢â¬Å"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitudeRead MoreThe Civil War And Abolition Of Slavery2509 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pageswas disdained by many people, specifically Confederate loyalists, during his presidential term. He will be remembered for being one of the greatest presidents to ever led our nation through one of its toughest times in history, the Civil War and abolishment of slavery. Meanwhile former history teacher Bill OÃ¢â¬â¢Reilly, and historian Martin Dugard illustrated the astonishing, vivid details that brought to life Lincoln s final days before Lee s surrender at Appomattox Court House and Abrahams assassinationRead MoreCivil War And The Abolition Of Slavery Essay1473 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessetting someone free from imprisonment, slavery or oppressionÃ¢â¬ (dictionary.com). The importance of liberation is having Ã¢â¬ËfreedomÃ¢â¬â¢ from any subjugation, but that freedom has been taken away slowly, and instea d hurdling forward towards a time where capitalism is more important than freedom and equity. Keeanga- Yamahtta Taylor questions, Ã¢â¬Å"What would constitute the Ã¢â¬Ëradical reconstructionÃ¢â¬â¢ of American society?Ã¢â¬ After the Civil War and the abolishment of slavery, people were heading towards a new timeRead MorePre-Civil War: Events that Lead to the Abolition of the Slave Trade and Slavery768 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages During the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s, Gabriel Prosser, a blacksmith from Richmond, Virginia devised a plan that would free him self and other from slavery. Prosser and a group of his followers would procure armor and weapons then try and take over the city, thus freeing them from slavery. Unfortunately before they could execute the plan, him and some of his followers were put to death, an event that would prove to be a catalyst to the uprising. Following their deaths and many more to come, Africans slaves thenRead MoreThe Abolition Of The Civil War1679 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesissue of slavery and its expansion had become a major controversial element of American history, resulting in the transpiration of the Civil War. Between the years of 1861 and 1865, conflict between the North and South had emerged, causing bloodshed at AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s most dominant period of history. Throughout the year 1861, intense conflict between the North and South over issues of statesÃ¢â¬â¢ liberties, federal power, westward expansion, and slavery had impelled the Civil War. By the end of war, the CivilRead MoreThe Effects Of Slavery On Women During The Civil War877 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesConfederacy, an intellectual movement that believes the civil war was fought over honor and ideals instead of slavery, is because Southern Women saw the Civil War as a war on one of the fundamentals that made up their way life. My research paper is about understanding the effects that slavery had on women during and prior to the civil war, and how the absence of slavery effected t hem. This research will be used in order to paint a picture of how slavery effect all southern women, whether they were richRead MoreSlavery And The Civil War1706 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesitself. The United States were no longer united, mainly over the issue of slavery. In fact, many historians believe that, Ã¢â¬Å"From the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s founding, the issue of slavery threatened to tear the United States apart.Ã¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"The Civil WarÃ¢â¬ 1). The issue of slavery was always kept at bay through the utilization of various compromises; however a permanent solution was never sought after by the government. The peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ perspective of slavery differed by region. In the South, the economy was extremely reliant onRead MorePrimary Causes Of The Civil War820 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand standpoints on why the Civil War had been fought but the primary reason why the Civil War started over uncompromisable differences between free Southern states and pro-slavery Northern states and t heir controversy over government power and slave laws. Fought during April of 1861 to 1865, the Civil War had divided the country into a frenzy against each other. In fact, a devastating 620,000 soldiers had died from accident, combat, starvation and disease, the deadliest war in American history. To addRead MoreTaking a Look at the American Civil War896 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMany events during the mid-1700-1800s provoked the civil war because of the contradicting ideas between the northern states and the southern states. The conflict between the north and south that led to the civil war includes economic, social, and political events. At the meantime, slavery arose as a huge debate between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery faction. Fierce debates had sparked between the north and south states because of the southern statesÃ¢â¬â¢ agrarian based economy. The geography in theRead MoreRole of the Mexican-American War in Bridging the Gap between the Abolitionist Movement and the Civil War815 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesABOLITION TO SECESSION VIA MEXICAN AMERICAN WAR 1 The Mexican-American War (1846-1848) marked a midpoint in U.S. history that bridged the gap between the abolitionist movement and the Civil War, which is not always recognized but is in some ways still with us today. Teacher Eric Burnett, for example, outlines a long list of catalysts leading up to the Civil War itself but omits the Mexican-American war even though the Civil War catalysts go back through the 1840s all the way back to Eli Whitney
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Michael Alster Any American would be hard-pressed to turn on the news and not find something, anything, said about Operation Iraqi Freedom. The war in Iraq is one of the most publicized (and controversial) topics so far of the 21st century. Unfortunately, a common headline reads something like this: Ã¢â¬Å"5 Marines killed in Baghdad Today,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"15 American troops injured in a suicide bomb attack in Tikrit this morning.Ã¢â¬ What about the casualties that arenÃ¢â¬â¢t reported on the news? The troops that suffer - not from physical wounds that can heal, be stitched up, or adapted to live with Ã¢â¬â but from non-visible scars. Mental injuries are becoming increasingly common among todayÃ¢â¬â¢s decorated war heroes. Many are too embarrassed, scared orÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It starts out slowly as a dream, perhaps, or as a daydream, and escalates into depression, insomnia, anxiety, alienation and rage. It is thought that stress increases someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s chance of dev eloping PTSD after a traumatic event. Therefore, to reduce the risk of the disorder, there is a need to reduce the stress and increase training so that soldiers know what to expect, how to handle it when it occurs, and what to do when they canÃ¢â¬â¢t handle it. It is agreed across the board that the United States Military provides prevention training to its soldiers. Each branch of the military is supposed to provide this training to each of its soldiers before, during, and after their deployment. This can be as important as teaching a new soldier how to clean his gun. Sometimes though, factors like timing and money dictate if the training is actually administered, and mental health training may be the first to go. Also, the military provides soldiers with a variety of mental health services. A search of the army medicine website, armymedicine.army.mil, reveals news on mental health and a link to the armyÃ¢â¬â¢s behavioral health website. Information about the various services the Department of Defense offers are scattered over several websites. Again, Operation Iraqi FreedomÃ¢â¬â¢s budget limits the availability and accessibility of these services. Unless a soldier requests help, itÃ¢â¬â¢s usually not offered. Many soldiers ask, Ã¢â¬Å"Why me? Why not the guy next to me? WeShow MoreRelatedMental Health Accommodations For Our Military Men And Women Sufficient1548 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAre mental health accommodations for our military men and women sufficient? Soldiers are put through trying conditions when deployed. Many of the men and women are sent to a foreign country away from their homes full of the people they love the most, who are spending their time with a worry in the back of their mind if they will get the chance to hold, touch, or see their loved ones ever again. Often, the soldiers who do make it back home to their families tend to develop some mental problems overRead MoreAlcohol Use Among Veterans And The Military Essay1436 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Alcohol Use Among Veterans and the Military Alcohol use and abuse is prevalent among members of the United States military as well as among the veteran population. Binge and heavy drinking is commonplace among the military and veterans. Veterans and members of the active duty military face a unique set of challenges when compared to the civilian population. There is a trend of combat exposure leading to a higher risk to abuse alcohol. For over a decadeRead MoreMilitary For Civilian Life And Supporting Their Families1046 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMilitary returning to Civilian Life and supporting their Families Millions of combat veterans are returning from various campaigns including Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom, and AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s latest campaigns in Afghanistan and will need support to transition from military combat life to family life and a civilian existence. A variety of support personnel and services are needed to help veterans transition successfully. Veterans suffer from physical and mental health problems whichRead MoreMilitary For Civilian Life And Supporting Their Families1032 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMilitary returning to Civilian Life and supporting their Families Millions of combat veterans are returning from various campaigns including Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom, and AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s latest campaigns in Afghanistan and will need support to transition from military combat life to family life and a civilian existence. A variety of support personnel and services are needed to help veterans transition successfully. Veterans suffer from physical and mental health problems whichRead MoreMixed Agency : An Ethical Dilemma1591 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMixed Agency: An Ethical Dilemma Military mental health providers hold dual roles as clinicians and commissioned officers. While they are bound by the ethical code and professional guidelines of their profession, they are also held to the standard of Department of Defense (DoD) statutes and regulations. They are expected to provide competent clinical care but also enforce military boundaries and discipline (McCauley, Hacker Hughes, Liebling-Kalifani, 2008). Likewise, there may be duality inRead MoreFamily Violence During Military Families Essay1265 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFamily Violence in military families Family violence, including both child maltreatment and spouse abuse, is a public health concern in both military and civilian populations. Physical abuse represents more than 90% of all substantiated cases of spouse abuse in military families, followed by emotional abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse (Tasso, Whitmarsh, Ordway, 2016). There is 4 types of intimate violence (1) patriarchal/intimate terrorism, (2) violence resistance, (3) common/situational coupleRead MorePost Traumatic Stress Disorder in Troops Leaving Iraq1032 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAmerican Army on the health of the military troops that have just returned from Iraq. It has been found that one in every right soldier is suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. Another important fact mentioned in the report is that more than half of the military soldiers from these are in a need of help but do not make their conditions public as they could be suspended from the army that can hurt their careers. A few months earlier, a survey was carried out on the mental health of the marinesRead MoreRemoving Barriers For Mental Health Services For Veterans826 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTemple University Donna Lea Wiggins Removing Barriers to Mental Health Services for Veterans Summary Rates of trauma and mental illness are reported to be disproportionately higher among American veterans, especially those of the recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The barriers to care after civilian reentry further disadvantage this already vulnerable population. The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have been the longest sustained US military operations since the Vietnam era, sending more than 2.2Read MoreI Am Writing About The Bill s Mental Health Care Access Act1248 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesyour bill H.R. 1604, VeteranÃ¢â¬â¢s Mental Health Care access Act, which you cosponsor. The bill calls for veterans to be eligible for mental health care at non Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities, regardless of when they enrolled in the VA health care system or seek care at a VA facility, or the location of the veteran s residence. Mental illness is very common among men and women who serve in our military. According to American Psychiatric Association (2015), military men and women face unique challengesRead MoreEpidemiology of Homeless1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEpidemiology of Homeless/Indigent People with Mental Illness Vulnerable populations are defined in many ways. Variables of the definition are dependent on the author, their current location and how they believe that they may assist this population. Vulnerability as defined in a healthcare setting are those with a greater than average risk of developing health problems by virtue of their marginalized sociocultural status, their limited access to economic resources, or personal characteristics such